India’s Farm Laws Repeal

India’s Farm Laws Repeal

The Indian government took a major step by withdrawing three farm laws that had been the center of heated debates and massive farmer protests, especially by those from Punjab and Haryana.

Decoding the Contested Laws

In September 2020, these laws were introduced with the aim to change how farming was done in India. However, they didn’t sit well with many farmers. The first law allowed farmers to sell their produce outside government-regulated markets, which sparked worries about weakening the established systems and making it harder for local farmers to sell their crops at fair prices.

Uncertainty Over Fair Pricing

The second law tried to set up a system where farmers could agree on prices before growing their crops. But it didn’t promise a safety net price, leaving farmers feeling unprotected against big companies.

Regulation Concerns

The third law changed older rules to give the government less control over food stocks. This was meant to make buying and storing food easier, but some worried that it didn’t do enough to look out for the farmers’ best interests.

Government vs. Farmer Interests

While the government saw these laws as a way to improve farming by cutting down barriers and creating a single market across India, critics argued that they would reduce the government’s support for farmers and give more power to large companies.

Behind the Protests

Some said the protests were more about traders losing out than farmers. Studies and surveys showed that farmers’ earnings hadn’t gone up for years, and many were not making enough to live on, which added fuel to the fire against the laws.

Pros and Cons Balanced

On the bright side, the laws aimed to make trading easier and promised better prices for farmers. On the downside, there were fears about the end of traditional markets and more power to big businesses over small farmers.


The repeal of these laws shows that the government listened to the farmers’ worries. The intention was to modernize agriculture, but the laws missed the mark on giving farmers the price guarantees they needed, leading to their cancellation.

This situation highlights how important it is for new policies to protect and benefit those who work the land, ensuring that progress doesn’t come at the cost of their well-being.

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