How to start dairy farming in India?
Dairy farming is a branch of agricultural sector that combines the breeding, raising, and consumption of dairy animals, especially cattle for production of milk and various dairy products.
Dairy Farming Business Plan
The dairy farming business plan should have different components such as:
Describes the type of business, purpose, key issues, basic business information, and financial summary (for existing businesses). The financial summary should capture basic data information related to total income and total value, total farm income, cash flow, current rate, operating income, etc.
2. Policy Statement:
The purpose of a business in which this business can produce the best quality milk or dairy products at the most affordable or best prices for its customers.
3. Farm Area and History:
The business plan must contain information relating to the proposed farm area with a specific location, city and region. The plan must also hold details of owned or leased hectares with rental conditions.
4. Cattle & Farm Equipment:
Information on the total number of cattle to be used in the dairy business and the number and types of machinery and equipment purchased with names and bills to be submitted.
5. Proposed Business Ideas and Marketing Strategies:
The plan should contain all the information about various advertisements, business proposals, marketing strategies, new businesses to be implemented, product campaigns, etc.
6. Summary of the Implementation Plan:
The program summary should reflect the business plans for implementing advanced management processes with expected completion times.
7. The predictable goal for the next five years, an annual explanation with real-time detailed information on all licenses and permits required to start a dairy business in India.
How safe is the dairy business?
Dairy farming is a safe business for the following reasons:
• It is environmentally friendly and does not cause environmental pollution compared to other industries.
• The need for skilled work is relatively small.
• The dairy market is active all year round.
• Minimum investment in inventory. (No need to store raw materials in large quantities.)
• The entire facility can be relocated (if the need arises eg fire, floods, etc.)
• Man can certify animals.
• Low energy requirement. Biogas plants fed to cow dung can provide a lot of energy to meet the daily needs of farms. The rotten slurry of such plants can be used effectively as a natural fertilizer.
⦁ Requirements for Dairy Farming Business Plan
Below is a list of parts of Dairy Farming that should be used or installed before and after starting your business:
• Shed: There should be a well-covered area on the farm before bringing in the cattle for breeding
• Land: Farm owners should take care of arable land or cattle ranch. The land area is basically dependent on the number of cattle that should be raised. Usually, 1 hectare of land is enough to feed 7-10 cows
• Water and fodder: Both of these factors must be abundant, as water contributes to the growth of green fodder and fodder contributes significantly to the proper nutrition of cattle.
• Cattle Breeding and Vaccination: In order to produce more milk, there must be a good selection of cows. In addition, in order to control diseases and protect the health of cattle, their keeper must have a strict vaccination program.
Legal requirements for the construction of a dairy farm:
• Legal requirements vary from region to region and whether you intend to process milk (Make dairy products). At each regular dairy farm, the first contact point to register (especially for compensation, etc.) is the local veterinary and dairy development department (Contact the district / office office of these departments near your farm). If your farm is part of a registered dairy organization, you do not have to go to any other government official.
• For a license, you need to consult a veterinarian or a related official of the municipal organization or local panchayat. The pollution control board may require large farms to obtain permission.
• You may have to follow the various standards proposed by the BIS (BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS) regarding dairy farms.
The smallest economic size you can go with?
• Under Indian conditions, a dairy farm for sale should have about 20 animals (10 cows, 10 buffaloes) and this power can easily reach 100 animals at a rate of 50:50 or 40:60. After this, however, you need to review your strengths and weaknesses in the market before you choose to move on.
Infrastructure and staff needs.
The space required for each animal should be 40 sq. M. ft shed and 80sq.ft open space. In addition, you will need:
1. One 10 ”x 10” storage room.
2. One 10 ”x 12” storage room for milk
3. Office cum living room of appropriate size.
4. Water tank with a capacity of at least 2000 liters
5. Borewell with the ability to fill a water tank in 1 hour
• The total land demand for a unit of 20 animals can be set at 3000 sq. Km. ft. There should be space for expansion.
• The capacity of the workers on your farm can vary according to the number of animals.