Organic farming is defined as a production system that works with local conditions to produce products that incorporate biological processes, cultures, and machinery that promote biodiversity.
There are a few essential elements that must be included in the farming system so that the plants produced are labeled organic. Biological control should be used, which includes crop rotation and disease control, rather than chemical control. The agricultural system must emphasize biodiversity. Organic farming should also reduce out-of-farm and outdoor inputs that may affect their growth. Renewable resources should be used in some way as well, while synthetic fertilizers should be completely removed.
There are some advantages and disadvantages to organic farming that should be considered.
List of Advantages of Organic Farming:-
1)Creates high levels of natural resistance to pests and diseases.
Organic farming eliminates the use of synthetic products to increase unproductive yields. It works to create a healthy soil instead, promoting the link between healthy plants and protected soil. No chemical herbicides or pesticides are used. Only natural methods of soil development are allowed. Healthy plants, planted in healthy soil, are naturally resistant to diseases and pests. These plants have the ability to protect the environment through this process, which strengthens the cell walls of cultivated plants.
2)Organic farming allows for special opportunities.
Conventional farming methods focus on the growth of a particular crop. In the United States, that means soybeans, wheat, or corn are commonly grown. By using natural farming techniques, you are more likely to become an expert. That is because the farm produces crops that grow very well in the soil available to the farmer.
The beauty of being able to grow a special crop is that these products often cost high prices in the market. Organic food can already cost about 20% more than plant crops. Technology can add another 20% to 40% to the final amount paid by the customer. Many organic farmers can sell directly to their customers, eliminating the costs that are often incurred by other farmers.
3)This farming process supports healthy soil and supports pollen.
One of the greatest dangers to bees and other insects is the use of artificial agricultural chemicals. At the same time, soils from natural farms are known to produce substances that are high in antioxidant content, Vitamin E, and omega-3 fatty acids when used consistently. There are high levels of micronutrient and minerals in food products produced by organic farming because organisms reach deeper layers of soil.
4)No worries about genetically modified foods and live farms.
Organic farming does not use GMO crops at all. Farmers are allowed to breed plants (or animals) to promote better natural production rates. They are not allowed to use industry-modified products when planting or producing products on the market. This requirement can reduce the productivity of the farm compared to GMO farming, but also eliminate the threat of customers leaving because they do not want to consume GMO products.
List of Disadvantage of Organic Farming: –
1)There is no subsidy for most organic farmers.
Many industrialized nations offer subsistence farming in order to encourage people to become farmers. Without farmers, it would be difficult to get our food and fuel needs, after all. Unfortunately, most of the approved subsidies only apply to farmers who grow commodity products. In addition to receiving subsidies, biodiversity farmers face many additional risks that could eliminate them, such as climate change or crop failure.
2)It takes more work to produce goods for sale.
Organic farming may also allow some “natural” fungicides or pesticides to reduce the workload of others. For the average farmer, however, there is a huge physical burden on crop production in the market. Weed extraction and other planting methods should be used regularly. New ideas in permaculture and biodynamics are changing this negative aspect of organic farming over time. Compared to subsistence farming, there are still many additional labor requirements for organic farming that need to be considered.
3)Indigenous farmers must have some knowledge of local planting plans.
The level of yield that can be produced by organic farming depends largely on the skills, knowledge, and ingenuity of each farmer. In organic farming, the farmer must monitor crop growth patterns at all critical times of growth. If the farmer cannot detect a potential problem, the value of the crop may decrease. In extreme cases, crop losses can also occur in some farmers.
At the same time, growers should be aware of local knowledge of soil systems, ecology, meteorology, and other influential factors that may affect the growth of certain plants.
4)There are different marketing challenges that exist in natural resources.
Organic foods are more expensive than processed foods or products. The market for organic food is not defined as it is described in other plants as well. That can make it difficult for specialized farmers to compete with their products.
To address this issue, many communities are developing food cooperatives with local farmers and markets. For a small fee, customers who can “pay in advance” for organic food can pick up after the growing season is over.
These are the advantages and disadvantages of Organic farming. Now, do read about brainfoods as well.