Potato– the favorite of all, because it molds itself according to our desires. It can be a basic home cooked meal or the yummy French fries with your burger, its diverse usage makes it a beloved member of our house. But do we know everything we need to know about this little fat guy or is there anything to add on.
Origin of Potato: –
In India, the Portuguese sailors were the ones to introduce potatoes during the early 17th century. Although introduced by the Portuguese, it was widely spread throughout North India by the Britishers. Along with the Portuguese, the Dutch also contributed to introducing potatoes to India. If we talk about its introduction in the world, it is native to Peruvian-Bolivian Andes. They were cultivated by the Incas in South America, around 1,800 years ago. Sir Walter Raleigh was the one who introduced potatoes for the first time in Ireland. He cultivated them on a 40,000-acre land in 1589.
Nutritious ingredients of Potato: –
⦁ Vitamin C
⦁ Vitamin B6
While the flesh contributes to a lot of nutrient intakes of potato, the skin also has a major chunk of nutrients in it. When you peel them, you reduce their nutritional content.
Did you know?
Frying potatoes have more fat and calories than the baked potatoes.
To sum up the main information about Potatoes,
Botanical Name: Solanum tuberosum
Plant Type: Vegetable
Grows in which soil: Loamy and Sandy loam.
Blooming time: Autumn
Color of flower: White/ Lavender/ Pink
Sun exposure time: Full sun
pH of soil: Acidic soil (5.0-6.0 pH)
Surprising Facts about Potatoes:-
⦁ The Potato’s nickname– Potato is also called spud in American slang.
⦁ Potato Poisoning- Did you ever think that this sweet fat fellow can result in severe headaches, diarrhea and what not. A poisoning glycoalkaloid known as solanine is present in the potato. This toxin is actually present as a defense mechanism against insects. When you fry the potatoes, it kills the Solanine. It tends to be in more quantity in green potatoes. However, potato poisoning isn’t common because people are aware of the ill-effects of green potatoes. Also, it happens only when you consume them in large quantities and that’s uncommon as well.
⦁ 4,000 types- There are over 4k types of Potatoes grown or growing all over the world. Not every single one of those types is commercial. Over 200 varieties are sold in the USA itself. There are mainly three types of potatoes:- waxy starchy and all-purpose potatoes. Starchy potatoes work wonders for baking and frying purposes. Waxy ones are used mainly for roasting, slicing and boiling purposes. The all-purpose potatoes are as the name suggests, used for all of the purposes from baking to roasting.
⦁ Are Potatoes and sweet potatoes related?- When we look at potatoes and sweet potatoes lying side by side, they seem related. But would you believe that the only common link between them is that they are starchy? They don’t even belong to the same family. Potatoes belong to the Solanaceae family whereas Sweet Potato belongs to the Convolvulaceae family. Potatoes are technically a tuber whereas sweet potatoes are the roots. Keeping all this in mind, we can conclude that they are not even remotely related to each other.
⦁ First one to go to space– Yes, Mr. Potato had the privilege to be the first vegetable person to go to space. Back in 1995, when the University of Wisconsin was working with NASA, they grew traces of potatoes into space and earth alongside. The conclusion at the end was that there are no visible differences.
⦁ How much water and how much solid?- When you look at a potato, it looks solid. When you press a potato, it feels solid. So you wonder, it must be 20% water and 80% solid. But how would you react when you find out it’s actually vice-versa? Potatoes are actually 80% made up of water.
⦁ Potato or patatas?- There’s a Spanish word ‘patatas’, which gave origin to the word ‘potato’.
Potato DIYs for skincare:-
Potatoes have multiple uses in our lives. Not just the kitchen, but we can include it in our skincare as well. Potatoes have amazing anti-blemishing properties which work miraculously for the skin. Here are top 5 of them:-
Ingredients- 3 tbsp potato juice
2 tbsp lemon juice
1 tbsp honey
Mix them well and apply it with proper consistency. Use a brush for application, otherwise it will start dripping off. Cover your face skin, spread it evenly like a sheet mask. Keep it on for 15-20 minutes at least. Dab a cotton in lukewarm water and use it to wipe it off.
Spray rosewater over it and apply moisturizer in the end. You’ll get a glowing skin in the end.
⦁ Potato + Rice Flour-
Ingredients – 3 tbsp potato juice
1 tbsp rice flour
Mix it until the mixture gets even. You can add in the quantity of potato juice and rice flour according to your convenience. It will have a scrub-like consistency. Leave it on for a minimum of 15-20 minutes time span. Once the skin starts to feel tightened, rinse it off with water. While rinsing, rub it on your skin with gentle hands. It will be a two-in-one step, scrubbing and face pack will be done in one go. Pat dry it with a towel. Apply any toner or rosewater. Layer it up with a face cream/moisturizer in the end.
⦁ Potato + Glycerin-
Ingredients- 3 tbsp potato juice
2 tbsp glycerine
Mix them well and apply it on your face for a minimum of 20 minutes. It will take longer to dry off because of the slimy consistency. Glycerin is known for its skin replenishment features. Potatoes are an add-on to it’s benefits. When blended together, they will work towards repairing the dead skin as well. You will end up with supple skin, if you use it at least twice a week. Pat dry the skin and apply a layer of moisturizer over it. You are good to go.
⦁ Potato + Cucumber-
Ingredients- 2 tbsp cucumber juice
2 tbsp potato juice
It’s an excellent remedy to cure dark circles. You can use it in various ways. You can refrigerate the juice into ice cubes or use it in liquid form using fingertips. Keep it overnight and wash it off in the morning. Use it regularly for over a month and you’ll get amazing results.
⦁ Potato + Beetroot + Gram flour-
Ingredients- 3 tbsp gram flour
2 tbsp beetroot juice
1 tbsp potato juice
Mix these three ingredients until you get a pinkish and evenly consistent paste. Cleanse your face with soap or a mild cleanser. Use a scrub afterwards but scrub with gentle touch of your hands. Then apply the pack using a brush, leave it on for at least 15 mins. Rinse it off, preferably with lukewarm water. Pat dry your face with a microfiber towel or a cotton cloth.
These top 5 face masks are the soul & heart of potato skincare. Let’s learn about the cultivation methods of potatoes.
Cultivation methods of Potato:-
The main things to consider before carrying on with the plantation are:-
⦁ Potatoes need consistent water to grow, therefore they need well-drained soil. But they certainly don’t need clayey soil. Potatoes are basically stem tubers, which means they grow underground. Hence, they need space to grow and clayey soil works as an obstruction in that.
⦁ The optimum temperature range for potato plantations is from 30°C to 32°C. That’s the maximum temperature range and the minimum range is from 18°C to 20°C.
⦁ The perfect season to grow potatoes in India is from mid-June to mid-July. Then another round for this crop is cultivated from October-November.
⦁ Prepare the potato pieces for plantation a day or two earlier so that they can form a protective layer around themselves to retain moisture.
How to undergo the cultivation?
⦁ Take potato pieces with at least a minimum count of 2 eyes per piece.
⦁ Potato trench must be filled with manure first before the plantation.
⦁ Start planting the pieces with the trench being at a minimum depth of 4 inches. Make sure that the eye side is up while sowing it in.
⦁ Potato crop plantation is done in rows. Keep the spacing according to the size of potatoes you want to grow. It requires less spacing for the baby potatoes and more spacing for big sized potatoes.
⦁ Don’t fill the trench entirely with soil in the beginning, let the plants continue to grow and then consistently mound the soil around them.
⦁ Before beginning with the plantation, always cultivate the soil once, in order to remove unwanted weeds and to loosen the soil.
⦁ Keep the plants well-watered, especially during summer plantation. Flowering stage is really crucial, plants need constant watering through it. It will lead to a good crop outcome.
⦁ In case you observe the foliage(all the leaves of a plant) turning yellow, stop watering the plants. The plants will start curing for harvest time.
⦁ Give preference to drip irrigation systems to irrigate potato crops. It’s the most suitable one.
⦁ Try to use animal manures or composted manures. It increases the quantity and quality enormously. Spread it evenly on the soil and let the wonder happen.
⦁ When the flowering is done, it’s time to harvest after 2-3 weeks. Dig gently and remove the potatoes that are the biggest. Leave the smaller ones as it is for further growth.
⦁ The right stage for harvesting is foliage maturity. When the leaves turn yellow, get all dried up and the soil gets dried as well, it’s the perfect time.
⦁ Cut off the foliage right above the ground, leaving the tubers beneath the ground. This process is done at least 8 days prior to harvesting.
⦁ Use the plow carefully while digging out the tubers. Don’t leave any scope for the injury.
⦁ Discard the damaged or diseased potatoes. Store the ones you find suitable for selling purposes. Also, store the perfectly sized, disease-free potatoes for seed purposes.
Do you know?
In India, the average yield of potatoes is somewhere between 200-300 quintal per hectare. Whereas, in Maharashtra the average yield lies around 125 quintal per hectare.
Now, you know enough about our fat fellow Potato that you would have no problem dealing with it.
Go grab them from our website. You’d be pleased with the delivery services and the quality delivered to you. Stay safe!