Commercial agriculture is the cultivation of crops and/or animal husbandry for raw materials, food, or export, especially for profitable reasons. To achieve an economy of scale, commercial agriculture must be very efficient and practiced on a large scale as it aims to increase farmer profit margins. This method, also known as agribusiness, is increasingly being adopted and practiced by more and more people as it becomes a profitable business venture.
There are certain characteristics of commercial agriculture: –
⦁ In which farmers grow crops to do business. It is also known as agribusiness, where farmers make a profit by raising their crops or livestock and selling them.
⦁ After this, the farmers have to make huge investments in this agriculture. Typically, farmers increase their agricultural productivity by adding high doses of fertilizer or other modern inputs to the crop, including fertilizers, high-yielding seeds, pesticides, insecticides, and more.
⦁ In commercial agriculture, farmworkers must use a number of modern methods to increase agricultural productivity. They cultivate mainly commercial crops and cereals in this cultivation.
⦁ In commercial agriculture, crops and livestock are produced on a large scale and grown on large farms using machinery, irrigation methods, chemical fertilizers, and other methods.
⦁ The basic premise of mass production of such products is to export them to other regions or countries where their demand is high.
Types of commercial agriculture:-
As the name suggests, it is the commercial cultivation of milk and dairy products. Therefore, farms are used only to raise livestock, which also produces the milk used to make other dairy products.
According to statistics, the European Union, the world’s leading producer of cow’s milk, is expected to produce 155.3 million metric tons of milk in 2019. The US is in second place with a production of 99.16 million metric tons.
Cultivation of cereals
With this type of commercial agriculture, grains such as corn, barley, and wheat are grown for human consumption and export.
Cereal cultivation is highly mechanized and requires significant amounts of land, machinery, equipment, and farmers. Farming is outdoors and seasonal, meaning farmers are exceptionally busy during the planting and harvest seasons.
It was a very delicate agriculture because it was practiced during the colonial and slave period. Large farms, especially in America and its colonies, used slave labor to cultivate and cultivate rice, sugar, tobacco, cotton, and other agricultural products for trade and export. Today, plantation cultivation continues, but workers are forced to pay lower wages without the use of slave labor, which allows them to continue working on such plantations.
It is a livestock breeder for meat products. Usually, pets are cattle and sheep, but you can also find large numbers of pigs and chickens.
Livestock is the primary source of beef, poultry, and pork available in most major urban markets. The United States, Brazil, and the European Union are the top beef producers in the world, accounting for 47% of the world’s beef.
It is a type of commercial agriculture, practiced mainly in the Mediterranean countries. The climate in such areas is ideal for growing some crops such as grapes, figs, dates, and olives. In addition, the climate is favorable for horticulture, processing vegetables and flowers in other crops.
Mixed cropping and livestock rearing
In the above varieties, only one crop or livestock is cultivated. However, in this type of commercial agriculture, both crops and livestock are cultivated on the same land. As such, crops can be grown to feed the animals and the animals are sold for a profit. In addition, animal waste can be used to grow crops. The two farm together throughout the year. Aquaponics is a great modern example.
Commercial Horticulture and Fruit Farming (Truck Farming)
High-demand crops are grown in truck farming. These include apples, lettuce, cherries, and asparagus.
Now, do read about Organic Farming as well.